Journal Article (Refereed)
Mobilisation of sediment-associated metals from historical Pb working sites on the River Sheaf, Sheffield, UK
Hutchinson, S M & Rothwell, J J 2008, 'Mobilisation of sediment-associated metals from historical Pb working sites on the River Sheaf, Sheffield, UK', Environmental Pollution, 155(1), pp.61-71.
Spatial and temporal patterns of metal mobilisation from former water-powered, Pb working sites in a suburban area of Sheffield (UK) were investigated. Twelve time-integrated mass flux samplers were strategically deployed over two contrasting campaign periods (summer and winter). Suspended sediment samples were characterised magnetically and subjected to metal analysis. Metal levels in the upper River Sheaf showed a marked spatial and temporal variability. Pb concentrations in particular were relatively high (maximum 2132 mg kg−1). Their distribution tended to reflect the historical contamination of the valley by 17th to 19th century industry, especially during summer high discharge conditions. The mean suspended sediment Pb concentration (803 mg kg−1) exceeds contamination guidelines. It is unclear whether ground remediation of one of the seven floodplain sites in the catchment has been successful. The river is still affected by the legacy of at least two other Pb working sites.