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Journal Article (Refereed)
February 2012

Nonpharmacological interventions for lung cancer

Yorke, J & Brettle, A & Molassiotis, A 2012, 'Nonpharmacological interventions for lung cancer', Chronic Respiratory Disease, 9(2), pp.117-129.


Patients with lung cancer experience significant symptom burden, particularly symptoms of a respiratory
nature. Such symptom burden can be distressing for patients and negatively impact their functional status
and quality of life. The aim of this review is to evaluate studies of nonpharmacological and noninvasive
interventions for the management of respiratory symptoms experienced by patients with lung cancer. In
total, 13 studies met the inclusion criteria for this review and included 1383 participants of which 1296
were lung cancer patients. The most frequently assessed and reported symptom was breathlessness
(n ¼ 9 studies). Cough and haemoptysis were reported in one study. A variety of outcome measurement
tools were used and a broad range of intervention strategies evaluated. Lack of consistency between
studies impinged on the ability to combine studies. It is not possible to draw any firm conclusion as to
the effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions for the management of respiratory symptoms in
lung cancer. Nonpharmacological interventions may well have an important role to play in the
management of some of the respiratory symptoms (or combinations of respiratory symptoms), but more
work of higher quality is necessary in the future.


SEEK Members

External Authors

Alex Molassiotis

Publication Details

Journal Name
Chronic Respiratory Disease